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:: Volume 26, Issue 1 (1-2014) ::
2014, 26(1): 39-45 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of Salivary Cotinine Concentration in Cigarette Smokers, Water Pipe Smokers and Non–Smokers
Maryam Rabiei , Morteza Rahbar Taramsar , Mehrdad Sadegh Kanjani , Ehsan Kazemnezhad Leyli , Hosain Masoudi Rad , Mohammad Jafari Farshami
, rabiei@gums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (4432 Views)

  Comparison of Salivary Cotinine Concentration in Cigarette Smokers, Water Pipe Smokers and Non –Smokers

  

  Dr. Rabiei M ., 1 Dr. Rahbar Taramsar M ., 2 Dr. Sadegh Kanjani M .,3 Dr. Kazemnezhad Leyli E.,4

  Dr. Masoudi Rad H.,5 Jafari Farshami M.6

  

  1 Associate Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine, School of Dentistry, Guilan University of Medical Sciences . Guilan, Iran. 2 Assistant Professor, Department of Legal Medicine and Toxicology , School of Medicine , Guilan University of Medical Sciences . Guilan, Iran . 3 PHD Reference laboratory , Guilan University of Medical Sciences . Guilan, Iran . 4 Assistant Professor, Department of Biostatistics, School of Medicine , Guilan University of Medical Sciences . Guilan, Iran. 5 Assistant Professor, Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Guilan University of Medical Sciences . Guilan, Iran. 6 Dentist.

  

  (Received 28 Jan, 2013 Accepted 17 August, 2013)

  

  Abstract

  

  Background and Aim : Water pipe smoking has become a public health hazard. The aim of this study was to measure and compare the concentration of salivary cotinine in cigarette smokers, water pipe smokers and nonsmokers .

  Materials and Methods : Forty-eight volunteers (16 cigarette smokers, 16 water pipe smokers and 16 nonsmokers) participated in this cross-sectional study. High sensitivity Salivary Cotinine Quantitative enzyme immunoassay kit was used to measure the salivary cotinine concentration. Non-parametric Kruskal Wallis test, Pearson’s correlation coefficient and linear regression were used to determine the correlation between number of cigarettes smoked and concentration of cotinine .

  Results : The mean concentration of salivary cotinine was 223.74(±181.56) ng/ml (the highest) in cigarette smokers, 106.24 (±135.23) ng/ml in water pipe smokers and 0.73(±1.24) ng/ml in nonsmokers. The difference in this respect among the 3 groups was statistically significant (P<0.0001). In smokers, the level of salivary cotinine increased by 1.84 ng/ml per each time of cigarette smoking per week. This increase was 14.57 ng/ml per each time of water pipe consumption per week .

  Conclusion : The mean concentration of salivary cotinine was significantly higher among cigarette smokers compared to water pipe smokers and nonsmokers. However, one time consumption of water pipe caused a greater rise in salivary cotinine level compared to cigarette smoking .

 Key words: Cotinine , Saliva , Smoking , Tobacco

  

  Corresponding Author: Dr. Rabiei M . , Associate Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine, School of Dentistry, Guilan University of Medical Sciences . Guilan, Iran .

  e.mail: rabiei@gums.ac.ir

Keywords: Cotinine, Saliva, Smoking, Tobacco
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Oral Medicine
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Rabiei M, Rahbar Taramsar M, Sadegh Kanjani M, Kazemnezhad Leyli E, Masoudi Rad H, Jafari Farshami M. Comparison of Salivary Cotinine Concentration in Cigarette Smokers, Water Pipe Smokers and Non–Smokers. Journal of Islamic Dental Association of IRAN (JIDA) . 2014; 26 (1) :39-45
URL: http://jidai.ir/article-1-1555-en.html


Volume 26, Issue 1 (1-2014) Back to browse issues page
Journal of Islamic Dental Association of Iran

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