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:: Volume 31, Issue 2 (4-2019) ::
J Islam Dent Assoc Iran 2019, 31(2): 64-68 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship Between Gingival Biotypes and Dentopapillary Complex: An Observational Study
Farzane Vaziri1, Samane Abbasi2, Maryam Abrishami1, Amir Hossein Vatandost *3
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2- Postgraduate Student, Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
3- Postgraduate Student, Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran , m.h.amirzade@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1627 Views)
Background and Aim: Gingival biotype is a principal component in restorative and implant procedures, especially in the aesthetic region. Immediate determination of the gingival biotype by the clinician could lead to a more successful outcome, especially during implant placement in the aesthetic zone. The aim of this study was to investigate a possible relationship between gingival biotypes and gingival thickness, crown length (CL), crown width (CW), papillary height (PH), and papillary width (PW).
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 50 subjects were selected who had all anterior teeth in the upper and lower jaws with a healthy periodontium and no attachment loss. Gingival thickness was recorded based on the transparency of a peri-odontal probe. CL, CW, PH, PW, area of the facial papilla (AP), and facial surface area of anterior teeth (AT) from canine to canine were measured and analyzed using descriptive statistics and t-test in SPSS 16.0 software.
Results: When comparing thin and thick gingival biotypes, the mean CL (8.3 mm vs. 8.76 mm; P=0.14), CW (7 mm vs. 7.25 mm; P=0.13), PH (2.86 mm vs. 2.99 mm; P=0.49), and PW (2.86 mm vs. 2.99 mm; P=0.04) were lower in the thin gingival biotype group. The AP and AT were smaller in the thin gingival biotype group but the difference with the thick gingival biotype was not significant (P=0.22 and 0.07, respectively).
Conclusion: According to the results, comparable dentopapillary dimensions can be expected in thick and thin gingival biotypes. No association was detected between the dentopapillary complex and gingival biotypes.
Keywords: Periodontium, Dental Implantation, Dentistry
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Type of Study: Orginal | Subject: Periodontology
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Vaziri F, Abbasi S, Abrishami M, Vatandost A H. The Relationship Between Gingival Biotypes and Dentopapillary Complex: An Observational Study. J Islam Dent Assoc Iran. 2019; 31 (2) :64-68
URL: http://jidai.ir/article-1-2029-en.html

Volume 31, Issue 2 (4-2019) Back to browse issues page
Journal of Islamic Dental Association of Iran


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