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:: Volume 31, Issue 4 (10-2019) ::
J Islam Dent Assoc Iran 2019, 31(4): 195-202 Back to browse issues page
Dental Students’ Perception Towards Behavior Guidance Techniques in Pediatric Dentistry
Samaneh Razeghi1, Mohammad Reza Khami2, Mahsa Hasani *3, Maryam Mohammadalizadeh4, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard5
1- Associate Professor, Research Center for Caries Prevention, Dentistry Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Community Oral Health, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Scienc-es, Tehran, Iran
2- Professor, Research Center for Caries Prevention, Dentistry Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Community Oral Health, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Private Practice, Tehran, Iran , mhs.hasani@yahoo.com
4- Private Practice, Tehran, Iran
5- Research Member, Dental Research Center, Dentistry Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (444 Views)
Background and Aim: Management of children’s behavior is fundamental to a successful and effective dental treatment for children. This study aimed to evaluate the perceptions of dental students towards behavior guidance techniques in pediatric dentistry.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on dental students from three different levels of education. A questionnaire containing demographics, perceived acceptability of behavior guidance techniques (17 statements), and clinical situations (8 statements) was completed by the first-year, third-year, and last-year dental students. The questions were scored using a 5-point Likert scale. Descriptive statistics, the linear regression model, and the Chi-square test were used for statistical analysis.
Results: Totally, 264 dental students participated in this study. The most acceptable behavior guidance technique and clinical situation were positive reinforcement, and parent present during treatment, respectively. The least acceptable technique and clinical situation were passive immobilization, and showing the needle to the child, respectively. There were significant changes in acceptability scores of some behavior guidance techniques including voice control (P=0.00), hand over mouth (HOM) (P=0.00), using nitrous oxide (P=0.00), positive verbal reinforcement (P=0.00), active protective immobilization (P=0.00), passive protective immobilization (P=0.00), providing exact explanation (P=0.00), and general anesthesia (0.02) by increasing the level of education of students.
Conclusion: Non-aversive behavior guidance techniques had the most acceptable scores and some aversive techniques like immobilization, disallowing child speaking during treatment, and HOM had the least acceptable scores. Moreover, the higher the level of dental education, the greater the acceptability of some behavioral guidance techniques would be.
Keywords: Behavior Control, Pediatric Dentistry, Students, Dental, Perception
Full-Text [PDF 549 kb]   (238 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal | Subject: Oral Helth and Epidemiology
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Razeghi S, Khami M R, Hasani M, Mohammadalizadeh M, Kharazifard M J. Dental Students’ Perception Towards Behavior Guidance Techniques in Pediatric Dentistry. J Islam Dent Assoc Iran. 2019; 31 (4) :195-202
URL: http://jidai.ir/article-1-2081-en.html


Volume 31, Issue 4 (10-2019) Back to browse issues page
Journal of Islamic Dental Association of Iran

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