[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit ::
:: Volume 31, Issue 1 (1-2019) ::
J Islam Dent Assoc Iran 2019, 31(1): 40-57 Back to browse issues page
Oral Lichen Planus or Oral Lichenoid Reaction? A Literature Review
Farzaneh Agha-Hosseini1, Mohammad Samami 2, Fatemeh Tavakol3, Elahe Ghasemzadeh Hoseini3
1- Professor, Dental Research Center, Dentistry Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran AND Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine Department, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine Department, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , m_samami@razi.tums.ac.ir
3- Assistant Professor, Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine Department, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1010 Views)
Background and Aim: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic, inflammatory, T-cell-mediated autoimmune oral mucosal disease. Oral lichenoid lesions develop as a type IV hypersensitivity reaction. Both of these entities are potential precancerous conditions; this adds to their clinical significance. The purpose of this literature review was to detect the similarities and the differences of these lesions to enhance the information of colleagues in managing these groups of patients.
Materials and Methods: For this review, we searched Cochrane, Medline, and Embase databases from January 1990 to the end of October 2018. A total of 96 published pa-pers, including review papers, case reports, cohort studies, case-control studies, and meta-analysis studies, were included and analyzed.
Results: OLP and oral lichenoid reactions are two distinct diseases. They can be clinically similar but they have different etiologic factors. A histopathological study is necessary to differentiate them.
Conclusion: The definitive diagnosis of these conditions is extremely important given their potentially premalignant nature. A timely diagnosis probably results in proper management. Based on the present research, the final differentiation between OLP and oral Lichenoid reactions relies on both clinical and histopathological manifestations according to the modified World Health Organization (WHO) criteria.
Keywords: Oral Lichen Planus, Oral Lichenoid Reactions, Oral Lichenoid Lesions
Full-Text [PDF 578 kb]   (323 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review | Subject: Oral Medicine
1. McCullough MJ, Alrashdan MS, Cirillo N. Oral Lichen Planus. In: Farah CS, Balasubramaniam R, McCullough MJ (editors). Contemporary Oral Medicine. Springer International Publishing AG, 2017:1-40. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-28100-1_14-1.
2. Roopashree MR, Gondhalekar RV, Shashikanth MC, George J, Thippeswamy SH, Shukla A. Pathogenesis of oral lichen planus--a review. J Oral Pathol Med. 2010 Nov; 39 (10):729-34.
3. Mazzarella N, Femiano F, Gombos F, De Rosa A, Giuliano M. Matrix metalloproteinase gene expression in oral lichen planus: erosive vs. reticular forms. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2006 Sep; 20(8):953-7.
4. Agha-Hosseini F, Imanpour M, Mirzaii-Dizgah I, Moosavi MS. Mucin 5B in saliva and serum of patients with oral lichen planus. Sci Rep. 2017 Sep;7(1):12060.
5. Lukács J, Schliemann S, Elsner P. Lichen planus and lichenoid reactions as a systemic disease. Clin Dermatol. 2015 Sep-Oct;33(5): 512-9.
6. Issa Y, Brunton PA, Glenny AM, Duxbury AJ. Healing of oral lichenoid lesions after replacing amalgam restorations: a systematic review. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2004 Nov;98(5):553-65.
7. McParland H. Oral Lichenoid and Lichen Planus-like Lesions. Prim Dent J. 2016 Feb 1; 5 (1):34-39.
8. Dudhia BB, Dudhia SB, Patel PS, Jani YV. Oral lichen planus to oral lichenoid lesions: Evolu-tion or revolution. J Oral Maxillofac Pathol. 2015 Sep-Dec;19(3):364-70.
9. Agha-Hosseini F, Mohebbian M, Sarookani M-R, Harirchi I, Mirzaii-Dizgah I. Comparative evaluation of EGF in oral lichen planus and oral squamous cell carcinoma. Acta Med Iran. 2015 Aug;53(8):471-5.
10. Krupaa RJ, Sankari SL, Masthan KMK, Rajesh E. Oral lichen planus: An overview. J Pharm Bioallied Sci. 2015 Apr; 7(Suppl 1): S158-S161.
11. Sachin C Sarode, Gargi SSarode, Ketki Kalele. Oral lichenoid reaction: A review. Int J Oral Maxillofac Pathol. 2012;3(4):17-26.
12. Rice PJ, Hamburger J. Oral lichenoid drug erup-tions: their recognition and management. Dent Update. 2002 Nov;29(9):442-7.
13. Kamath VV, Setlur K, Yerlagudda K. Oral lichenoid lesions-a review and update. Indian J Dermatol. 2015 Jan-Feb;60(1):102.
14. Do Prado RF, Marocchio LS, Felipini RC. Oral lichen planus versus oral lichenoid reaction: difficulties in the diagnosis. Indian J Dent Res. 2009 Jul-Sep;20(3):361-4.
15. Cobos-Fuentes MJ, Martinez-Sahuquillo-Marquez A, Gallardo-Castillo I, Armas-Padron JR, Moreno-Fernandez A, Bullon-Fernandez P. Oral lichenoid lesions related to contact with dental materials: a literature review. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2009 Oct 1; 14(10):e514-20.
16. Van der Meij E, Van der Waal I. Lack of clinicopathologic correlation in the diagnosis of oral lichen planus based on the presently avail-able diagnostic criteria and suggestions for modifications. J Oral Pathol Med. 2003 Oct; 32 (9):507-12.
17. Shah KM, Agrawal MR, Chougule SA, Mistry JD. Oral lichenoid reaction due to nickel alloy contact hypersensitivity. BMJ Case Rep. 2013; 2013.
18. Ismail SB, Kumar SK, Zain RB. Oral lichen planus and lichenoid reactions: etiopathogenesis, diagnosis, management and malignant transformation. J Oral Sci. 2007 Jun; 49 (2):89-106.
19. Krishnamoorthy B, Suma Gn, Mamatha P, Sowbhagya MB, Garlapati K. Lipid Profile and Metabolic Syndrome Status in Patients with Oral Lichen Planus, Oral Lichenoid Reaction and Healthy Individuals Attending a Dental College in Northern India-A Descriptive Study. J Clin Diagn Res. 2014 Nov; 8(11): ZC92-5.
20. Dunsche A, Kästel I, Terheyden H, Springer I, Christophers E, Brasch J. Oral lichenoid reac-tions associated with amalgam: improvement after amalgam removal. Br J Dermatol. 2003 Jan; 148 (1):70-6.
21. DeRossi SS, Ciarrocca KN. Lichen planus, lichenoid drug reactions, and lichenoid mucosi-tis. Dent Clin North Am. 2005 Jan; 49(1):77-89.
22. Schlosser BJ. Lichen planus and lichenoid reactions of the oral mucosa. Dermatol Ther. 2010 May-Jun;23(3):251-67.
23. Hiremath SKS, Kale AD, Charantimath S. Oral lichenoid lesions: Clinico-pathological mimicry and its diagnostic implications. Indian J Dent Res. 2011 Nov-Dec;22(6):827-34.
24. Ataei Z, Navabi N, Mohammadi H, Habib-Agahi R. Systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic value of epicutaneous patch‎ testing in patients with oral lichenoid lesions. JOHOE. 2015 Feb;4(1):1-9.
25. Grossmann SDMC, Oliveira CDNAD, Souto GR, Góes C, Mesquita RA. Oral lichenoid le-sion: A review of the literature. World J Stoma-tol. 2015 May 20;4(2):103-7.
26. van der Waal I. Oral lichen planus and oral li-chenoid lesions; a critical appraisal with emphasis on the diagnostic aspects. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2009 Jul 1;14(7):E310-4.
27. Mravak-Stipetić M, Lončar-Brzak B, Bakale-Hodak I, Sabol I, Seiwerth S, Majstorović M, et al. Clinicopathologic correla-tion of oral lichen planus and oral lichenoid lesions: a preliminary study. ScientificWorldJournal. 2014; 2014:746874.
28. Arirachakaran P, Hanvanich M, Kuysakorn P, Thongprasom K. Antiretroviral drug-associated oral lichenoid reaction in HIV patient: a case report. Int J Dent. 2010; 2010: 291072.
29. De Rossi SS, Ciarrocca K. Oral lichen planus and lichenoid mucositis. Dent Clin North Am. 2014 Apr;58(2):299-313.
30. Malik U, Gupta S, Malik SD, Vashishth S, Zaheeruddin, Raju MS. Treatment of symptomatic oral lichen planus (OLP) with 0.1% tacrolimus powder in Oraguard-B - A pilot prospective study. Saudi Dent J. 2012 Jul;24(3-4): 143-8.
31. Mahboobi N, Agha-Hosseini F, Bagheri Lankarani K. Hepatitis C virus and lichen planus: the real association. Hepat Mon. 2010 Summer; 10(3):161-164.
32. Bastos DB, Santos IS, Valente VB, Biel AC, Felipini RC, Biasoli ER, et al. Lollipop‐induced oral lichenoid reaction in a child. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2016 Jun;26(6):486-489.
33. Müller S. The lichenoid tissue reactions of the oral mucosa: Oral lichen planus and other lichenoid lesions. Surg Pathol Clin. 2011 Dec; 4 (4):1005-26.
34. Boorghani M, Gholizadeh N, Zenouz AT, Vatankhah M, Mehdipour M. Oral lichen planus: clinical features, etiology, treatment and management; a review of literature. J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospect. 2010 Winter; 4(1):3-9.
35. Robledo-Sierra J. Oral Lichen Planus-a study of associated factors with special reference to thyroid disease. 2015 Aug. Available at: https://gupea.ub.gu.se/handle/2077/38762/Accessed January 20, 2018.
36. Abdollahi M, Radfar M. A review of drug-induced oral reactions. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2003 Feb 15;4(1):10-31.
37. Artico G, Bruno IS, Seo J, Hirota SK, Acay R, Migliari DA. Lichenoid reaction to carbamaze-pine in the oral mucosa: case report. An Bras Dermatol. 2011 Jul-Aug;86(4 Suppl 1):S152-5.
38. Aghahosseini F, Arbabi‐Kalati F, Fashtami LA, Djavid GE, Fateh M, Beitollahi JM. Methylene blue‐mediated photodynamic therapy: A possi-ble alternative treatment for oral lichen planus. Lasers Surg Med. 2006 Jan; 38(1):33-8.
39. Larsen KR, Johansen JD, Reibel J, Zachariae C, Rosing K, Pedersen AML. Oral symptoms and salivary findings in oral lichen planus, oral lichenoid lesions and stomatitis. BMC Oral Health. 2017; 17:103.
40. Agha-Hosseini F, Mirzaii-Dizgah I, Mohammadpour N. Muscarinic cholinergic receptors (MR3) in saliva of patients with oral lichen planus. Arch Dermatol Res. 2016 Sep; 308 (7):481-6.
41. Cekova M, Kisselova A, Yanev N. Lichenoid reactions due to dental restorative materials. Biotechnol Biotechnol Equip. 2010 May;24(2):1874-7.
42. Ditrichova D, Kapralova S, Tichy M, Ticha V, Dobesova J, Justova E, et al. Oral lichenoid le-sions and allergy to dental materials. Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub. 2007 Dec;151(2):333-9.
43. Scully C, Carrozzo M. Oral mucosal disease: Lichen planus. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008 Jan;46(1):15-21.
44. Agha-Hosseini F, Khalili M, Rohani B. Immunohistochemistry analysis of P53 and Ki-67 proteins in oral lichen planus and normal oral mucosa. Iran J Public Health. 2009 Apr;38(2):37-43.
45. Gupta S, Jawanda MK. Oral lichen planus: an update on etiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis and management. Indian J Dermatol. 2015 May-Jun;60(3):222-9.
46. Masquijo-Bisio PA, Gandolfo MS, Keszler A, Itoiz ME, Paparella ML. Usefulness of a direct immunofluorescence in the diagnosis of plaque type oral lichen planus. Ann Diagn Pathol. 2017 May;31:20-22.
47. Parashar P. Oral lichen planus. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2011 Feb; 44(1):89-107.
48. Eisen D, Carrozzo M, Bagan Sebastian JV, Thongprasom K. Number V Oral lichen planus: clinical features and management. Oral Dis. 2005 Nov;11(6):338-49.
49. Winning L, Willis A, Mullally B, Irwin C. Des-quamative gingivitis–aetiology, diagnosis and management. Dent Update. 2017 Jun; 44(6):564-70.
50. Batu Ş, Ofluoğlu D, Ergun S, Warnakulasuriya S, Uslu E, Güven Y, et al. Evaluation of prolidase activity and oxidative stress in patients with oral lichen planus and oral lichenoid con-tact reactions. J Oral Pathol Med. 2016 Dec;45(4):281-8.
51. Adamo D, Cascone M, Celentano A, Ruoppo E, Leuci S, Aria M, et al. Psychological profiles in patients with Symptomatic Reticular forms of Oral Lichen Planus: a prospective co-hort study. J Oral Pathol Med. 2017 Oct;46(9):810-816.
52. Misaka K, Kishimoto T, Kawahigashi Y, Sata M, Nagao Y. Use of direct-acting antivirals for the treatment of hepatitis C virus-associated oral lichen planus: a case report. Case Rep Gastroen-terol. 2016 Sep-Dec; 10(3):617-622.
53. Basheer S, Shameena PM, Sudha S, Varma S, Vidyanath S, Varekar A. Expression of surviv-ing and p53 in oral lichen planus, lichenoid reaction and lichenoid dysplasia: An immunohistochem-ical study. J Oral Maxillofac Pathol. 2017 Sep-Dec; 21 (3):456-457.
54. Feller L, Wood NH, Khammissa RA, Lemmer J. Review: allergic contact stomatitis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2017 May; 123 (5):559-565.
55. Pigatto PD, Spadari F, Bombeccari GP, Guzzi G. Oral lichenoid reactions, patch tests, and mercury dental amalgam. J Oral Pathol Med. 2016 Feb;45(2):153.
56. Lartitegui-Sebastián MJ, Martínez-Revilla B, Saiz-Garcia C, Eguizabal-Saracho S, Aguirre-Urizar JM. Oral lichenoid lesions associated with amalgam restorations: a prospective pilot study addressing the adult population of the Basque Country. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2012 Jul 1;17(4):e545-9.
57. Bombeccari GP, Guzzi G, Spadari F, Giannì AB. Diagnosis of metal allergy and management of oral lichenoid reactions. J Oral Pathol Med. 2016 Mar;45(3):237-8.
58. Rees TD. Hypersensitivity to dental cast metals: A clinical study. Open Pathol J. 2011 Mar; 5(1):13-22.
59. Fortuna G, Aria M, Schiavo JH. Drug-induced oral lichenoid reactions: a real clinical entity? A systematic review. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2017 Dec;73(12):1523-1537.
60. DePalo J, Chai X, Lee SJ, Cutler CS, Treister N. Assessing the relationship between oral chronic graft-versus-host disease and global measures of quality of life. Oral Oncol. 2015 Oct;51(10):944-9.
61. Panta P, Yaga US. Oral lichenoid reaction to tobacco. Pan Afr Med J. 2016 Aug 30;24:330.
62. Preethi S, Jose JI, Sivapathasundharam B, Sabarinath B. Evaluation of Salivary Nitric Ox-ide Levels in Smokers, Tobacco Chewers and Patients with Oral Lichenoid Reactions. J Clin Diagn Res. 2016 Jan;10(1):ZC63-6.
63. Juneja M, Mahajan S, Rao NN, George T, Boaz K. Histochemical analysis of pathological alterations in oral lichen planus and oral lichen-oid lesions. J Oral Sci. 2006 Sep;48(4):185-93.
64. Bäckman K, Jontell M. Microbial ‐associated oral lichenoid reactions. Oral Dis. 2007 Jul; 13(4): 402-6.
65. Larsen KR, Johansen JD, Reibel J, Zachariae C, Pedersen AML. Symptomatic oral lesions may be associated with contact allergy to substances in oral hygiene products. Clin Oral Investig. 2017 Nov;21(8):2543-2551.
66. Payeras MR, Cherubini K, Figueiredo MA, Salum FG. Oral lichen planus: focus on etiopathogenesis. Arch Oral Biol. 2013 Sep; 58 (9):1057-69.
67. Agha-Hosseini F, Mirzaii-Dizgah I, Miri-Zarandi N. Unstimulated salivary p53 in patients with oral lichen planus and squamous cell carcinoma. Acta Med Iran. 2015 Jul; 53(7):439-43.
68. Gueiros LA, Gondak R, Jorge Júnior J, Coletta RD, Carvalho Ade A, Leão JC, et al. Increased number of Langerhans cells in oral lichen planus and oral lichenoid lesions. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2012 May; 113 (5):661-6.
69. Agha-Hosseini F, Mirzaii-Dizgah I, Mahboobi N, Shirazian S, Harirchi I. Serum and Saliva MMP-3 in Patients with OLP and Oral SCC. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2015 Feb 1;16(2):107-11.
70. Agha-Hosseini F, Mirzaii-Dizgah I. Serum and saliva collagenase-3 (MMP-13) in patients with oral lichen planus and oral squamous cell carcinoma. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2015; 29:218.
71. Agha-Hosseini F, Sadat Moosavi M, Sadat Sadr-zadeh Afshar M, Sheykh Bahaei N. Assessment of the Relationship Between Stress and Oral Lichen Planus: A Review of Literature. J Islam Dent Assoc Iran. 2016; 28(2):78-85.
72. Balci M, Ercin ME. Evaluation of Mast Cell Dis-tribution in Oral Lichen Planus and Lichenoid Lesions by Histochemical Analysis. Am J Immunol. 2016 Dec,12(4):99-106.
73. Zenouz AT, Mehdipour M, Attaran R, Bahrami-an A, Zadeh PE. Squamous cell carcinoma aris-ing from an oral lichenoid lesion: a case report. J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects. 2012 Winter; 6(1):29-32.
74. Gao Y, Luo H. Histopathological analysis of oral lichen planus with malignant transfor-mation. Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2016 Dec 9; 51(12):717-721.
75. -Hosseini F, Mirzaii-Dizgah I, Abdollahi M, Akbari-Gillani N. Efficacy of IMOD in the treatment of oral lichen planus. Open J Stomatol. 2011 Jun;1(1):13-7.
76. Cortés-Ramirez DA, Gainza-Cirauqui ML, Echebarria-Goikouria MA, Aguirre-Urizar JM. Oral lichenoid disease as a premalignant condi-tion: the controversies and the unknown. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2009 Mar 1; 14(3):E118-22.
77. Esquivel-Pedraza L, Fernandez-Cuevas L, Ruelas-Villavicencio AL, Guerrero-Ramos B, Hernandez-Salazar A, Milke-Garcia MP, et al. [Oral squamous cell carcinoma and lichen planus vs. lichenoid lesions. Case report]. Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2016 Sep-Oct; 54 (5):673-9.
78. Greaney L, Brennan PA, Kerawala C, Cascarini L, Godden D, Coombes D. Why should I follow up my patients with oral lichen planus and lichenoid reactions? Br J Oral Maxil-lofac Surg. 2014 Apr;52(4):291-3.
79. Agha-Hosseini F, Sheykhbahaei N, SadrZadeh-Afshar MS. Evaluation of Potential Risk Factors that Contribute to Malignant Transformation of Oral Lichen Planus: A Literature Review. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2016 Aug 1;17(8):692-701.
80. Agha-Hosseini F, Mirzaii-Dizgah I. p53 as a ne-oplastic biomarker in patients with erosive and plaque like forms of oral lichen planus. J Con-temp Dent Pract. 2013 Jan 1;14(1):1-3.
81. Agha‐Hosseini F, Mirzaii‐Dizgah I, Farmanbar N, Abdollahi M. Oxidative stress status and DNA damage in saliva of human subjects with oral lichen planus and oral squamous cell carcino-ma. J Oral Pathol Med. 2012 Nov;41(10):736-40.
82. Agha‐Hosseini F, Mirzaii‐Dizgah I, Mikaili S, Abdollahi M. Increased salivary lipid peroxida-tion in human subjects with oral lichen planus. Int J Dent Hyg. 2009 Oct; 7(4): 246-50.
83. Gupta S, Ghosh S, Gupta S. Interventions for the management of oral lichen planus: a review of the conventional and novel therapies. Oral Dis. 2017 Nov;23(8):1029-1042.
84. García-Pola MJ, González-Álvarez L, Garcia-Martin JM. Treatment of oral lichen planus. Systematic review and therapeutic guide. Med Clin (Barc). 2017 Oct 23; 149(8):351-362.
85. Arbabi-Kalati F, Farahmand MM. Evaluation of the efficacy of lycopene in the management of oral lichen planus: a pilot randomized clinical trial. Tehran Univ Med J. 2017 Dec;75(9):658-662.
86. Bakhtiari S, Azari-Marhabi S, Mojahedi SM, Namdari M, Rankohi ZE, Jafari S. Comparing clinical effects of photodynamic therapy as a novel method with topical corticosteroid for treatment of Oral Lichen Planus. Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther. 2017 Dec;20:159-164.
87. Arunkumar S, Kalappanavar AN, Annigeri RG, Kalappa SG. Relative efficacy of pimecrolimus cream and triamcinolone acetonide paste in the treatment of symptomatic oral lichen planus. Indian J Dent. 2015 Jan-Mar;6(1):14-9.
88. Sivaraman S, Santham K, Nelson A, Laliytha B, Azhalvel P, Deepak JH. A random-ized triple-blind clinical trial to compare the effectiveness of topical triamcinolone acetonate (0.1%), clobetasol propionate (0.05%), and tacrolimus orabase (0.03%) in the management of oral lichen planus. J Pharm Bioallied Sci. 2016 Oct; 8(Suppl 1):S86-S89.
89. Cafaro A, Arduino PG, Massolini G, Romagnoli E, Broccoletti R. Clinical evaluation of the efficiency of low-level laser therapy for oral lichen planus: a prospective case series. Lasers Med Sci. 2014 Jan;29(1): 185-90.
90. Kaur M, Kathariya R, Bontha SC, Chavva SC, Krishna MB. Topical Clobetasol (0.025%) and Tacrolimus (0.1%) in the Management of Oral Lichen Planus: A Comparative Study. Res J Pharm Biol Chem Sci. 2016 Jan;7(6):2492-2499.
91. Rebora A. Tacrolimus and oral lichen planus. Possible absorption after mucosal application? J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2016 Oct; 30(10): e75-e76.
92. Agha‐Hosseini F, Borhan‐Mojabi K, Monsef‐ Esfahani HR, Mirzaii‐Dizgah I,Etemad‐Moghadam S, Karagah A. Efficacy of purslane in the treatment of oral lichen planus. Phytother Res. 2010 Feb; 24 (2):240-4.
93. Agha-Hosseini F, Moslemi E, Mirzaii-Dizgah I. Comparative evaluation of low-level laser and CO2 laser in treatment of patients with oral li-chen planus. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2012 Oct; 41 (10):1265-9.
94. Samuel R, Gulve MN, Golvankar K. A possible link between amalgam restorations and lichenoid reactions: A case report. J Int Oral Health. 2012 May-Aug;4(2):53-56.
95. Weng X, Xing Y, Cheng B. Multiple and Recurrent Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity After Graft-Versus-Host Disease. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2017 Sep;75(9):1899-1905.
96. Behzad M, Michl C, Arweiler N, Pfützner W. Lichenoid contact reaction to eugenol present-ing as oral lichen planus. Allergo J Int. 2014; 23(7):242-245.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML     Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Agha-Hosseini F, Samami M, Tavakol F, Ghasemzadeh Hoseini E. Oral Lichen Planus or Oral Lichenoid Reaction? A Literature Review . J Islam Dent Assoc Iran. 2019; 31 (1) :40-57
URL: http://jidai.ir/article-1-2006-en.html

Volume 31, Issue 1 (1-2019) Back to browse issues page
Journal of Islamic Dental Association of Iran


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly

Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 4030