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:: Ethical guidelines ::

Publication Ethics

- Ethical requirements and responsibilities​

-- For editor:
The editor makes the final decision regarding all the content. Decisions may be made by issues unrelated to the quality of a manuscript, such as suitability for the journal. The editor can reject any article at any time before publication, including after acceptance if concerns arise about the integrity of the work.
- Reviewers' and authors' identities are kept confidential.
- The existence of a submitted manuscript is not revealed to anyone other than the reviewers and editorial staff.
--For authors:
- Upon submission, by checking off predesigned statements, author(s) should certify that neither the submitted manuscript nor another one with substantially similar content under their authorship has been published in any language or being considered for publication elsewhere.
- Author(s) should take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole, from inception to published article
- Author(s) should guarantee that data are available and will be provided if anyone needs them.
- In the event that an author is added or removed from the list of authors, written acceptance, signed by author(s), must be submitted to the editorial office.
- Sources of financial support for the project should be acknowledged.
- If the study involves human beings, the author(s) must include a statement that the study was approved by the local ethical committee and that written informed consent was obtained from the study participants. For those who do not have formal ethics review committees, the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki should be followed. Also, the compliance of maintenance and care of experimental animals with National Institutes of Health guidelines for the human use of laboratory animals, should be declared in text.
- All relevant permissions to use unpublished observations of others must be obtained by the manuscript author(s) and stated in the text. The names of the original author(s) should be declared. Also, permission must be obtained to reproduce or adapt any figures or tables that have been published previously and declared in the legend/footnote.
- Author(s) should certify that their research study is in agreement with the regulations of their institution(s) and generally accepted guidelines governing such work; contains no violation of any existing copyright or other third party right; and is free of any obscene, indecent, libelous, or otherwise unlawful material.
--For reviewers:
- Reviewers are required to keep manuscripts and their information confidential.
- They must not use knowledge of the manuscript before its publication for their personal interests.
- The reviewers' comments should be constructive, honest, and polite.
- Reviewers should declare their conflicts of interest and decline review if a conflict exists. Knowing the author(s) must not affect their comments and decision.


- Publication ethics and malpractice statements
Journal of Islamic Dental Association of Iran (JIDAI) conforms to the international regulations against scientific misconduct including fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, and etc. Also, JIDAI follow all instructions of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) ,  and any cases of suspected misconduct (such as redundant publication) will be assessed during the peer-review and publication process based on COPE guidelines. In addition, all pre or post-publication issues will be managed based on COPE’s code of conduct and flowcharts.

Ethical considerations must be addressed in the Materials and Methods section.
1) Please state that informed consent was obtained from all human adult participants and from the parents or legal guardians of minors. Include the name of the appropriate institutional review board that approved the project.
2) Indicate in the text that the maintenance and care of experimental animals complied with National Institutes of Health guidelines for the humane use of laboratory animals, or those of your Institute or agency.

For studies on human subjects the following should be included:
“All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical guidelines of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000”. Also, include that “informed consent was obtained from all patients for participation in the study”. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach, and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study. If any identifying information about patients is included in the article, the following sentence should be added as well:
“Additional informed consent was obtained from all patients for which identifying information is included in this article”.

For studies on animals the following sentence should be included:
“All institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed”.

For articles that do not contain studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors:
While it is not absolutely necessary, we recommend including the following sentence, just to make sure that readers are aware that there are no ethical issues with human or animal subjects:
“This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by the any of the authors”.

Plagiarism policy

Definition:
Based on the definition of American Journal  Experts ""The U.S. Office of Research Integrity defines plagiarism as “the appropriation of another person’s ideas, processes, results, or words without giving appropriate credit.” Said differently, plagiarism is the misrepresentation of someone else’s original thought as your own. In fact, the Latin root of plagiarism means kidnapper or thief. Such theft is a form of academic misconduct and can thus lead to dismissal from universities and other research institutions, article rejections or retractions from journals, and decreased credibility as a researcher. ""
Policy:
The editorial team/reviewers of “JIDAI” will check the submitted manuscripts for plagiarism twice (once after submission and once before publication) using available plagiarism detection software such as iThenticate. If suspected plagiarism is found in an article either before (by reviewers or editorial team) or after (by readers) publication, Archives of Academic Emergency Medicine will act according to COPE’s code of conduct and flowcharts


Retraction Policy
JIDAI follow COPE Guidelines for Retracting Articles.

Authorship conflicts
Based on the ICJME recommendations "all those designated as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship, and all who meet the four criteria should be identified as authors. Those who do not meet all four criteria should be acknowledged".
Any change in authorship (i.e. order, addition, and deletion of authors) after initial submission must be approved by all authors via written confirmation, in line with 
COPE guidelines. It is the corresponding author’s responsibility to ensure that all authors confirm they agree with the proposed changes. If there is disagreement amongst the authors concerning authorship and a satisfactory agreement cannot be reached, the authors must contact their institution(s) for a resolution. It is not the journal editor’s responsibility to resolve authorship disputes. A change in authorship after publication of an article can only be amended via publication of an Erratum.

- Intellectual Properties
Based on the obtained author agreement upon submission, "JIDAI" is the copyright owner of the published mansucript. However, according to Bethesda Statement, all works published in this journal are open access and freely available to anyone without cost,  under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0. 

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